Information

Mammals: Alcine antelope

Mammals: Alcine antelope

Systematic classification

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Artiodactyla
Family: Bovidae
Kind: Taurotragus
Species: T. oryx Pallas, 1766

Lantilope alcina lives in the savannas of eastern and southern Africa. It is the second largest living antelope in the world (second only to the giant eland Taurotragus derbianus).

Alkine antelope - Taurotragus oryx (photo www.schoepfung.eu)

Alkine antelope - Taurotragus oryx (photo http://triplov.com)

Somatic characters

Height: 130-180 cm
Weight: from 300 kg up to 1,000 kg

Females have a brown coat, while in males it is darker, tending to bluish-gray; some specimens may have a vertical white stripe on both sides of the back. Males have a thick tuft of hair on the forehead and a large dewlap. Unlike many other antelopes, straight horns (up to 65 cm long) and spiral horns are present in both sexes. The horns of the females are longer but also more slender.

Biology

The alkaline antelope diet consists mainly of grass, branches and leaves from which it obtains most of the water it needs. It is active in the early hours of the morning and at dusk, while it remains practically inactive in the hottest and most central hours of the day. It forms flocks usually made up of 30-80 individuals who exceptionally can count about 500. It is not a skilled runner but is indefatigable to the small trot being able to cover huge distances. Very powerful in muscle, if alarmed it can jump up to three meters in height from a standstill. Given the size, at the adult stage it has practically no usual predators, while as a young it is preyed on by lions, wild dogs and spotted hyenas. The average life expectancy is around 10-20 years (25 in captivity).

Present in many Zoos, in Italy it is possible to observe the alcine Antelope at the Bioparco of Rome, at the Natura Viva Park of Busselengo (VR) and at the Safari Ravenna www.safariravenna.it

Alkine antelope - Taurotragus oryx (photo www.safariravenna.it)


Video: Hunting Worlds Largest Antelope (January 2022).